24 countries across Latin America, Africa and Asia-Pacific
DFID Knowfor 2 United Kingdom Economic and Social Research Council Danish International Development Agency United States Agency for International Development International Foundation for Science (Sweden)
FAO, World Bank, IFRI, PROFOR
Sven Wunder, Arild Angelsen, Amy Duchelle, Nick Hogarth.
Capturing the true value of forests for people
New sourcebook gives countries a better way to measure the role of forests in rural livelihoods
Fuelwood, timber, bushmeat and plants make up a large share of the income of millions of families. But until recently, the scope of this income was invisible to policy makers trying to find solutions to rural poverty or conservation problems.
Now, countries are armed with a new sourcebook and forestry module – based to a large extent on CIFOR research methods – to guide their national household surveys.
CIFOR’s Poverty Environment Network (PEN) has helped dispel long-held beliefs about forest incomes through its global database, the world’s largest analysis of tropical forests and rural livelihoods. PEN household surveys in 24 tropical countries revealed how important forest resources are to millions of rural families across the tropics – and how much national poverty surveys have underestimated the importance of forests and trees to people’s incomes.
From 8,000 households… to 8 million
The World Bank’s Living Standard Measurement Study Surveys (LSMS) are designed to help statistical offices in developing countries collect better household data to feed into national policies.
To apply the lessons from PEN at the national level, CIFOR worked with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI), the World Bank and the Program on Forests (PROFOR) to create a forestry module and sourcebook aimed at strengthening forestry statistics in the LSMS and other national surveys.
The final sourcebook was launched at the FAO in October 2016, and CIFOR also held PEN-based events at IUCN’s World Conservation Congress to discuss the new methods and promote the new tool.
The sourcebook is the most visible output of this work, but the biggest outcome is the partnership that has evolved over several years. Now, we need move beyond this collaboration between like-minded individuals and build a strong institutional foundation that will continue this work.
Gero Carletto, Manager of the Center for Development Data and the Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) at the World Bank
Prior to its launch, the forestry module and sourcebook were field-tested in Indonesia and Tanzania, with promising results. Based on the findings, researchers tweaked the module before its launch.
Improving agricultural statistics, including forestry and hunting, will help determine the root causes of poverty in the developing world and will lead to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 1: Zero poverty by 2030.
Albina Chuwa, Director General, National Bureau of Statistics of Tanzania, where the module was pilot tested in 188 households
The modules are being piloted at country level in Argentina, Armenia and Georgia, and at the project scale in Mozambique. Turkey, with the support of PROFOR, used a modified version of the draft Forestry Module for a national survey, and is currently analyzing the results. These will be summed up in a Forest Policy Note for use by the Directorate General of Forestry in its next Five-year Forest Sector Strategy. Researchers are using the survey to investigate whether forests represent a pathway out of poverty, to gain a better understanding of what is driving out-migration.
The world is gearing up for action on climate change and sustainable
2016, CIFOR research showed how putting landscapes and forests at the fore can
promote integrated action with better outcomes for human well-being, equity and
Stepping up to the new climate and development agenda
Our new ten-year strategy evolved from a deep understanding of the many ways
contributes to sustainable development. Our work is grounded by a three-pillar approach that
spans six thematic work areas, which are aligned with the UN’s 17 Sustainable Development
CIFOR and the SDGs
FOREST & HUMAN WELL-BEING
SUSTAINABLE LANDSCAPES & FOOD
EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES, GENDER, JUSTICE & TENURE
CLIMATE CHANGE, ENERGY & LCD
VALUE CHAINS, FINANCE & INVESTMENTS
FOREST MANAGEMENT & RESTORATION
GLOBAL LANDSCAPES FORUM
CIFOR by the numbers
Pillar 1. Research for impact
204 Journal articles: 60% in Open Access journals
Visit through Google Books:
25% increase from 2015
Pillar 2. Capacity development
Pillar 3. Outreach and engagement
Memoranda of understanding
Letters of agreement
with strong gender focus
events organized or supported, with
times on Forests News
times on Forests News
CIFOR’s contribution to the global policy dialogue gained more international recognition this year.
out of 100 top Climate Think Tanks
International Center for Climate Governance
out of 95 top Environment Policy Think Tanks
Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program: Global Go To Think Tank Index Report
CIFOR and its partners contribute to the following global processes, frameworks, panels and conventions:
CIFOR launched a set of key performance indicators in 2016 to chart our impact through research, capacity development and engagement, and to measure our operational performance.
Where we work
Climate change, energy and low carbon development
Sustainable landscapes & food
Forest management & restoration
Forest and human well-being
Equal opportunities, gender, justice and tenure
Value chains, finance and investments
Gender across CIFOR’s work
CIFOR takes a rights-based approach to gender equality. Beyond the simple recognition that failing to understand local-level gender dynamics can skew research findings, we ground our work in the idea that all humans deserve an equal opportunity to thrive. Understanding gender dynamics is both a focus of specific research projects and a key aspect in all of CIFOR’s activities.
Things are still framed in terms of women as victims of climate change. This whole stereotyping needs to shift, and we should really focus on gender quality and women's' empowerment as a goal in their own right, not because victims need to be saved
Under the Paris Agreement, countries are ramping up to meet their climate change commitments while also moving toward their Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets. CIFOR is working at the nexus of climate change, energy and low-carbon development to deliver integrated ecological, social and economic information to policy makers and practitioner communities in these countries. We also support, with information, analysis and tools, actors working in the international climate policy arena.
Forest communities have an intimate understanding of their natural resources and can manage them effectively – if they have the rights to their land and gain benefit from forests and trees. Women hold much of this knowledge and, when they are free to make key decisions, can help transform the physical and cultural landscape. And when land and forest tenure laws are clear, local and international investors will help sustainable forest-based enterprises grow.
CIFOR is working to help countries meet their restoration targets, as momentum builds for the Bonn Challenge, the World Resources Institute Initiative 20×20 and other global plans to restore millions of hectares of forest by 2020. Focusing on two main areas, diversified forest management and forest landscape restoration, this work aims to address factors that help or hinder rural people’s access to forest resources and to find more equitable ways to manage forests for better productivity.
Tens of millions of rural households in tropical countries gain significant income, food, fuel and shelter from forests. But this fact is often underappreciated or ignored by strict conservation approaches and poverty-reduction policies. This can lead to missed opportunities and unintended consequences that further drive forest loss and undercut rural livelihoods. A better understanding of how forests contribute to human well-being will give policy makers the evidence base they need to make effective decisions that support both forests and people.
One billion people worldwide rely to varying degrees on forests for food and income. Wild meat and freshwater fish are essential to the diets of some vulnerable rural communities. And both subsistence and industrial farming systems depend on trees and forests for water and climate regulation, pollination and pest control. As competition for land grows, countries are looking for strategies to lower poverty while building environmental resilience. Landscape approaches have the potential to resolve local challenges and meet national commitments.
The current push by private sector companies, governments and financial services providers to promote and invest in activities that contribute to sustainable development and reduce pressures on forests is driving a transformation in how timber, palm oil, soy, sugar and beef are produced. CIFOR aims to facilitate innovations in public policy, business models, private investments and finance to stimulate the sustainable and inclusive supply of timber from natural and planted forests, enhance sustainable production of high-value tree crops and reduce the impacts of agricultural expansion in forests.
CIFOR advances human well-being, equity and environmental integrity by conducting innovative research, developing partners’ capacity, and actively engaging in dialogue with all stakeholders to inform policies and practices that affect forests and people. CIFOR is a CGIAR Research Center, and leads the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (FTA). Our headquarters are in Bogor, Indonesia, with offices in Nairobi, Kenya, Yaounde, Cameroon, and Lima, Peru.
CIFOR leads the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry
CIFOR is currently a member of these CGIAR Research Programs:
CIFOR’s work is possible thanks to the financial support of our Funding Partners and the collaboration
of our Strategic Partners. We work closely with a range of local and international organizations
and institutions to deliver research projects with the greatest potential impact.